Suggestions for readers

 Literature about peyote that may be of potential interest to readers



Aberle, David F. (1966) & (1982) (second edition)

Peyote Religion among the Navaho.

    A classical treatment with an excellent public health assessment.

Anderson, Edward F. (1980) & (1997) (second edition)

Peyote the Divine Cactus

    Slightly dated but still the most comprehensive work ever done on the Peyote plant. The second edition was primarily updated in the legal discussion.

Anderson, Edward F. (1995) Cactus and Succulent Journal 67: 67-73

“The “Peyote Gardens” of South Texas: A Conservation Crisis.”

    An important work on the state and future of this plant in Texas.

Backeberg, Curt (1961)

Die Cactaceae. Handbuch der Kakteenkunde. Vol. V. “Cereoideae (Boreocactinae).” page 2893-2903.

Many pictures: including a crested example on page 2904.

Benitez, Fernando (1975)

In the Magic Land of Peyote.

    A Westerner’s tale of a pilgrimage with the Huichols.

Bohata, Mysak & Snicer (2005)

Kaktusy’s Special Lophophora Issue.

This is easily the best work in existence concerning the Lophophora species.

Nathaniel Lord Britton & J.N. Rose (1922)

The Cactaceae. Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family. Volume 3: 83-85.

Byarlay, Patricia (ed.) The Peyote Awareness Journal later as “Peyote: A Medicine Journal.”

    Short but valuable periodical publication of the Peyote Foundation.

Collier, Donald (1929) (US Congress) Senate Committe on Indian Affairs 34: 18234-18255.

“Peyote, A General Study of the Plant, the Cult and the Drug.”

    An interesting account considering the time frame.

Dogin (1976) Federal Register, 41: 4015



Gottlieb, Otto (1997)

Peyote and Other Psychoactive Cacti.

    Nice popular work aimed at a general audience of readers.
Some outright errors overall, including an unfortunate perpetuation of MANY myths, but Derek Westlund’s cultivation material is excellent.

 Gottlieb’s suggestion that dopamine be injected into the plants as a mescaline precursor would result in only trivial increases in mescaline content but could lead to toxic results if said cacti were consumed due to the accumulated dopamine.

Grym, Rudolph (1997) Also revised in 2014.

Rod/ Die Gattung Lophophora

    A new classic (in Czech & German). Lavishly illustrated.

LaBarre, Weston (1964) (1969) (1975) (1989)

The Peyote Cult.

    The classic work. Considered, by scholars and peyote-ists alike, to be the authoritative work on the peyote religion. Meticulous work documenting the religion from a Western framework of analysis.

  First published in 1938. Original written as his doctoral dissertation, LaBarre was disturbed when it became used by the NAC as a guidebook for new chapters.

LaBarre, Weston (1960) Current Anthropology 1: 45-60

“Twenty Years of Peyote Study.”

    Good overview.

McLaughlin, Jerry L. (1973) Lloydia 36 (1): 1-8.

“Peyote: an introduction.”

    A good intro and overview for the naive.

Mercado, Leo (ed.) The Peyote Foundation Journal

Publication of the Peyote Foundation, POBox 778, Kearny, Arizona 85237. []

Morgan, George R. (1983) Botanical Museum Leaflets. Harvard
University 29 (2): 73-86

“The Biogeography of Peyote in South Texas.”

    An intimate look at peyote and its home in Texas.

Mount, Guy (1990)

The Peyote Book: A Study of Native Medicine.

    Even handed popular work. Nice overview and account of modern day peyoteists.

Opler, Marvin K. (1940) American Anthropologist 43 (3) part 1:

“The Characteristics and History of the Southern Ute Peyote Rite.”

    Very standard approach but interesting comparative reading.

Ott, Jonathan (1993) [Second edition densified 1996]


    Excellent summary of peyote’s history.

Petrullo, Vincenzo (1934)

The Diabolic Root. A study of Peyotism, the New Indian Religion Among the Delaware.

A good discussion of the peyote faith from its early founding through its spread across the United States and Canada. A nice early viewpoint on the origins of its unjustifiable religious persecution.

Roseman, Bernard (1968)

The Peyote Story. The Indian Mind Drug.

    An interesting view of the Native American Church by a white who was allowed to participate.

Schultes, Richard Evans (1936) Thesis, Harvard University.

Peyote Intoxication, A Review of the Literature on the Chemistry, Physiology and Psychological Effects of Peyotl.

    Have not yet obtained a copy but certainly sounds interesting.

Schultes, Richard Evans & Albert Hofmann (1980)

Botany and Chemistry of the Hallucinogens. 2nd Ed.

Schultes, Richard Evans & Albert Hofmann (1992)

Plants of the Gods

History, sacramental use, ethnopharmacology, botany and chemistry. Wonderful pictures.
Both are classic works. 

Slotkin, J.S. (1952) Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 42 (pt. 4): 565-700. “Menomimi Peyotism. A study of individual variation in a primary group with a homogenous culture.”

Stewart, Omer C. (1956) Colorado Quarterly 5: 79-90.

“Peyote and Colorado’s Inquisition Law.”

Nice piece on the history (up to the time this article was written) of anti-peyote activity and legislation as a religiously sponsored agenda coexisting with abundant available evidence indicating they were in error as to their assertions and prejudicial activities.

Stewart, Omer C. (1987)

Peyote Religion. A History

    [Civilization of the American Indian Series. Vol. 181]

    A definitive study that complements LaBarre very well.

also Stewart, Omer C. (1993) “Peyote Religion. A History.” [Have not seen the latter. From Books-in-Print]

Stewart, Omer C. (1993)

Peyotism in the West: A Historical and Cultural Perspective. [Anthropological Papers: No. 108]

Another interesting short piece that readers might enjoy:

James H. Howard (1962) Journal of American Folklore, 75 (296): 10-14. “Peyote jokes.”

Addition titles encountered in various sources

(including but not limited to Book-In-Print, Samorini 1998, Rätsch 1998, Mind Books’ catalog and Ott’s column in MAPS) See full citations in the reference section. I did not use or in some cases have not yet obtained copies of these articles or books but wanted to list them for the reader’s convenience:

No author listed (1991) Peyote: A Source Book of the Ritual Drug. Gordon Press. 0-8490-4656-4. If not for the $79.95 price tag this would have been ordered just to find out what it is. (Listed in Books-In-Print on CD-ROM simply as “Peyote.” Unable to directly contact the publisher. The voice mail for the listed phone number has been “full” for a surprising number of years now.

B.J. Albaugh & P.O. Anderson 1974

Gunter Ammon & Jorgen Gotte 1971 & 1974a & 1974b

Edward F. Anderson 1996

Antonin Artaud 1966 & 1975

L. Warren Azevedo 1995

L. Beltrami 1941

Fernando Benitez 1972

Mario Benzi 1969, 1972 & 1998

Kathleen Berrin 1978

Victor Blanco Labra 1992

Thomas Benno Bollhart 1985

Charles S. Brant 1950

Silvester J. Brito 1989

Ronald K. Bullis 1990

Alejandro Camino 1992

D. Canestrini 1993

Armando Casillas Romo 1990

Luigi Ceroni 1932

Warren d’Azevedo 1978

Calus Deimel 1980, 1985, 1986 & 1996

L. Diguet 1907

Allen T. Dittman & Harvey C. Moore 1957

C. Burton Dustin 1962

Havelock Ellis 1897 & 1971

A. Don Evans 1989

Irwin Feinberg 1965

Jay Courtney Fikes 1993

D. Flattery & J. Pierce 1965 (1992)

Bianca Maria Frigerio 1974-1975

Peter T. Furst 1965, 1969 & 1981

Peter T. Furst & M. Anguino 1977

Peter T. Furst & Salomón Nahmed 1972

Jochen Gartz 1995

Peter Gerber 1980

John M. Goggin 1938

A. Gottlieb 1998

Martin Gusinde 1939

Carl Hammerschlag 1988

Alden Hayes 1940

Christina Hell 1988

Jennifer James 1996 [This is an informational brochure]

Joyce James 1964

M. Kan et al. 1989

Weston LaBarre 1981

Lame Deer & Richard Erdoes 1979

Vittoria Lanternari 1974 (1960)

James H. Leuba 1960

Lumholtz, Carl 1902 & 1989

Alice Marriott & Carol K. Rachlin 1972 & 1988

Chase Mellen III 1963

Henri Michaux 1967, 1968 & 1986

Laurenchich Minelli 1977

Laurenchich Minelli & Bianca Maria Frigerio 1976

Claudia Müller-Ebeling & Christian Rätsch 19??

Barbara G. Myerhoff 1973, 1975, 1976 & 1980

S. Nahmed Sittri et al. 1972

Marvin K. Opler 1940

Morris E. Opler 1938 & 1940

V.M. Palmieri 1942

Paul Pascarosa & Sanford Futterman 1976

Torsen Passie 1994

Tom Soloway Pinkson 1995

Alexandre Rouhier 1988 & 1996

Victor Sanchez 1996

Stacy Schaefer 1989, 1993a, 1993b, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998a, 1998b & 1998c

Stacy Schaefer & Peter T. Furst (eds.) 1996

George Schäfer & Nan Cuz 1968

J.S. Slotkin 1956

J.S. Slotkin & D.B. McAllester 1952

Weston LaBarre 1957

Huston Smith & Reuben Snake (eds.) 1996

J.R. Smythies 1963

G. Sogliani & P. Sagripanti 1957

Paul Steimetz 1990

Omer C. Stewart 1944

Silke Straatman 1988

Mariano Valadez & Susana Valadez 1992

Christopher Vecsey (ed.) 1991

Günter Wagner 1932

Günter Wallraff 1968

Dennis Wiedman 1985

Dennis Wiedman & Candace Green 1985

Jon Wright 1994

R.M. Zingg 1938 & 1982


There are several bibliographies focusing on hallucinogen research in the works or completed that should be available, reportedly on-line, according to MAPS.

An excellent bibliographic database for peyote and mescaline could be assembled by merging the appropriate references in those bibliographies with those included by Abramson 1956, Anderson 1980 (1997), Beringer 1927, Bruhn & Holmstedt 1974, Cholden 1956, Janiger & Paltin 1971, Kapadia & Fayez 1970 & 1973, Kline 1956, LaBarre 1975 (1989), Ott 1993 (1996) & 1997, Patel 1968, Reti 1950, Safford 1915 Journal of Heredity and 1921 JAMA, Samorini 1998 Allucinogeni, empatogeni, cannabis. Bibliografia italiana commentata, Schultes 1937 & 1940, Schultes & Hofmann 1980, Slotkin 1951, 1955 & 1956a, the SISSC (Società Italiana per lo Studio degli Stati di Cosienza 1994 “Bibliografia Italiana su Allucinogenie Cannabis”, Stewart 1989 and 1994, Wikler 1957 [summary of psychiatric and pharmacological work on mescaline.] Also the bibliographies on use of mescaline and other hallucinogens in psychotherapy by Unger 1963a LSD, Mescaline, Psilocybin and Psychotherapy: An Annotated Chronology.” and Unger 1963b Psychiatry 26 (2): 111-125. “Mescaline, LSD, Psilocybin, and Personality Change: A Review.” and Unger 1965 “LSD and Psychotherapy: A Bibliography of the English-Language Literature” pp. 241-248 in The Psychedelic Reader (Weil, G.M. et al. Editors). The NIH is also said to have a bibliographic listing on the subject.

Good sources for on-line sites and a wealth of information and data bases are the Erowid website [], Will Beifus 1996 Psychedelic Sourcebook, Jon Hanna 1996 Psychedelic Resource List and MAPS [Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies] 2105 Robinson Avenue / Sarasota, Florida 34232 (

Also keep an open eye for the completion of the Albert Hofmann Foundation archives some day in the future.