Biographical data for some people

Biographical information in this list is limited to those people who are mentioned in or related to this work.

      The list that follows was compiled from a myriad of sources. It is by nature incomplete and omits most cactus people as they lack any connection to this work.  Most of the following are cactophiles and also botanists but some are variously amateur plant collectors, horticulturalists, plant breeders or other nursery people, name-sakes, peyote collectors, anthropologists, archaeologists, chemists, biochemists, physicians, psychologists, psychedelic elders, psychiatrists, authors & artists whos name is mentioned someplace within this book.

[Indicates commonly encountered abbreviations.]
All of these abbreviations have a standardized version that is often ignored.

      I welcome and encourage updates, additions and most especially corrections.

A. in MfK was Paul Arendt

David Friend Aberle (23 Nov 1918 St. Paul, Minnesota  23 September 2004 Vancouver, British Columbia) US anthropologist. Studied peyotists.

John Frank Akers (1906 – 1967) US botanist & scholar.

Prince Albert I [Albert Honoré Charles Grimaldi] (13 November 1848 – 26 June 1922) founded the Jardin Exotique de Monaco in 1913.

Edward (“Ted”) Frederick Anderson (17 June 1932 – 29 March 2001 Phoenix) US botanist & taxonomist. [Anderson] Date of death also appears as 30 March.

Johnny Appleseed (late 1940s – ) US agronomist, psychologist & entheobotanical researcher.

José Arechavaleta y Balpardo (1838 – 1912) Uruguayan pharmacist and botanist. [Arech.]

Paul Arendt German botanist. [Arendt]

Gerald Kench Arp (1947 – ) [Arp]

Curt Backeberg (2 August 1894 Luneburg – 14 January 1966 Hamburg) German horticulturalist and cactus specialist. [Backbg.; also found as Backeb, Bkbg and others.]

Liberty Hyde Bailey (15 March 1858 South Haven, MI – 25 December 1954 Ithaca, NY) US botanist & horticulturist. [L.H.Bailey]

Bernard Rene Baum (1937 – ) [B.R.Baum]

Wendell Clark Bennett (17 August, 1905 Marion, Indiana  6 September, 1953 Martha’s Vineyard) US anthropologist who studied the Huichols with Zingg.

Lyman David Benson (1909 – 12 July 1993) US botanist, cactus specialist and herbarium director. [L.Benson]

Alwin Berger (1871 – 1931) German botanist, cactus specialist and botanical garden curator. [Berg.]

Berol.: In reference to the herbarium and/or botanical garden at Berlin-Dahlen (Hortus regius Berolinensis)

Jacob Bigelow (1787 – 1879) US physician and botanist. [Bigel.]

Harold Leslie Bird, Jr. (1921 – ) US analytical chemist.

May Elizabeth Blos (1905 – 20 October 1991) US botanist at UC. Blos drew the botanical illustrations for Hutchisonʼs new Borzicactus madisoniorum in 1958. Died in the Oakland Firestorm.

Harry Blossfeld [also encountered as Bloßfeldt] (27 February 1913 Postdam, Germany – 7 July 1986 São Paulo Brazil)  German-born Brazilian horticulturist, plant collector and botanical explorer. His famous collection expedition lost a lot of its collection data but provided a wealth of cacti to horticulture on several continents.

Thor Methven Bock (1907 – 1973) US botanist.

Frederick (Friedrich) Boedecker [also given as Bödeker] (1867 – 1937) German botanist. [Böd. or Boed.] (Also as 1871 – 1931)

Jaroslav Bohata Czech botanist.

Norman Hill Boke (1913 – 1996) US botanist. [Boke]

Harriet Margaret Louisa (née Kensit) Bolus (1877 – 1970) South African botanist, herbarium curator & describer of ~ 2,000 succulent species. [L.Bol.] or [L.Bolus]

Aimé Bonpland (1773 – 1858) Botanist. Given name was Aimé Jacques A. Goujaud. [Bonpl.]

John Borg (1873 – 1945) Maltese physician & cactus fanatic. [Borg]

William Boyce – Thompson (13 May, 1869 – 27 June, 1930) Copper mine operator.

Mary Katherine Brandegee (1844 – 1920) US botanist and physician. [Brand.]

Helia Bravo – Hollis (30 September 1901 la Villa de Mixcoac, Ciudad de México – 26 September 2001) Mexican Botanist and cactus specialist. [Bravo] and [H.Bravo] (Also encountered as being born in 1903.)

Thomas Charles Bridges (1807 – 1865) Collected in Bolivia. (Born in 1805 according to Schumann 1899.)

John Raleigh Briggs (1851 – 1907) US physician in Dallas, Texas.

Nathaniel Lord Britton (15 January 1859  New Dorp, Staten Islands – 25 June 1934 New York) US botanist. NY Botanical Garden founder/director. [Britt.] and [Br.]

Nicholas Edward Brown (11 July, 1849 – 25 November 1934) British botanist. [N.E.Br.]

Robert Brown (21 December 1773 Montrose, Scotland –  10 June 1858 London) Scottish botanist.  [R. Br.]

Albert Frederick Hendrik Buining (1901 – 9 May 1976) Dutch botanist and succulent specialist. [Buin.]

Eunice Bullington provided assistance to the authors of Mammillaria bullingtoniana.

Luther Burbank (1849 – 11 April 1926) US horticulturist.

Franz Buxbaum (1900 – 7 February 1979) Austrian botanist. [Buxb.]

Ronald Stewart Byles (fl. 1957) British botanist [Byl.]

Eduardo Wilfredo Calderón Palomino (1930 – November 1996) San Pedro using curandero in the Trujillo region of Peru. Douglas Sharon studied with Don Eduardo.

Hamilton Hye Card (1877 – 1953) US botanist. [Card]

Amada Sanchez Cárdeñas (26 October, 1904 – 1 September, 2005) First licensed peyotero and an important personage for NAC. Lived in Mirando City, Texas.

Martin Cárdeñas Hermosa (12 November 1899 – 14 February 1973) Bolivian agronomist & botanist [Card.] or [Cardeñas]

Alberto Castellanos (1896 – 1968) Argentinean botanist. South American cactus expert. [Cast.] or [Castell.] or [A.Cast.]. [S.A.Cast is someone else.]

Edward Franklin Castetter (1896 – 1978) US biologist & ethnographer.

August Louis Cels French botanist [Cels] or Jacques Philippe Martin Cels (1743 – 1806) French horticulturist. [Cels]  Also a family of French growers.

Graham John Charles (2 January 1950 Birmingham, England – ) English horticulturist & plant explorer. [G.J.Charles]

Desmond (“Des”) Thorne Cole (30 October 1922 Mafeking – ) South African botanist. [Cole]

Luigi (Aloysius) Colla (22 April 1766 Turin – 22 December 1848 Turin) Italian botanist. [Colla]

Caspar [Commelin] Commelijn (born in Amsterdam, baptized 14 October 1668 – 25 December 1731 Amsterdam) Dutch physician & botanist. [Commelin]

Michaelangelo Console (1812 – 1897) Italian botanist. [Console] & [Cons.]

Alana Cordy-Collins (5 June, 1944 California  – )  Archaeologist who is a Peruvian history specialist.

Victor Louis Cory (1880 – 1964) [V.L.Cory] or [Cory]

John Merle Coulter (1851 – 1928) US botanist and Botanical Gazette founder. [Coult.]

Frederick Vernon Coville (1867 – 1937) US botanist. [Cov.]

James Denis “Dennis” Cowper (25 July, 1922 Greater London, England – 29 November or 1-7 December (?), 1974 Compostela, Nayarit, Mexico) (Most commonly encountered as Dennis Cowper.) British/US attorney & plant collector. Resident of Belen, NM and a former law partner of NM state senator Tibo Chavez. Cowper died following a heart attack, at age 52, at the edge of a corn field in a mountainous jungle while on cactus & butterfly collecting trip with his wife near Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. Listing of plant collectors working in Mexico (Knobloch 1983) gives death date as 1975 but the newspaper accounts announcing his disappearance on 29 November, and the discovery of his body eight days later (at a site within a 20 minute walk from their car), appeared in early December, 6 & 9 respectively, of 1974. Attending coroner in Mexico gave his date of death as 1 or 7 December.
Wife Jane Katherine Cowper (Chicago 1932 – )  is a prolific cactus collector and the namesake for Mammillaria cowperae.
Many listings of James Denis Cowper present him as being a prominent British botanist and cactus (Mammillaria) specialist but I cannot locate anything confirming Cowper was a PhD botanist. There is no doubt that he was a widely respected expert.

Robert Theodore Craig (1902 – 1986) (fl 1945) US dentist & cactus specialist. [Craig] 

Léon Camille Marius Croizat (1894 – 1982) Venezuelan botanist. [Croiz.]

William Curtis (11 January 1746 Alton, Hampshire – 7 July 1799 Brompton, London) English. Apothecary and Botanist.

Ladislaus (“Lad”) Theophine Cutak (27 May 1908 – 18 January 1973) US horticulturalist. [Cutak]

Augustin(e) Pyrame de Candolle (1778 – 1841) Swiss botanist. [DC]

John W. Daly (1933-2008)  US Biochemist.

James (“Jim”) Edward Daniel (23 June, 1926 San Jose – June 28, 2014 Spokane) nursery owner (founder of Cactus Gems) & the person who introduced Juul’s Giant to horticulture.

E. Wade Davis (14 Dec. 1963 – ) Canadian anthropologist  & ethnobotanist.

Shirley Dickison US. Cactus lover from San Saba, Texas.

Albert Gottfried Dietrich (1795 – 1856) German botanist. [A.Dietr.]

León Diguet (25 July 1859 – 31 August 1926) French explorer and naturalist. Educated in industrial chemistry.

John James (Johann Jacob) Dillenius [Johann Jakob Dillen] (22 December 1864 Darmstadt – 2 April 1747 Oxford) English botanist. (born in Germany) [Dill.] or [Dillen.] Also encountered as (1687 – 1746).

Mark Alan Dimmitt (12 January 1946 Long Beach, California – ) US botanist. [Dimmitt]

John J. Dingerdissen  (November 10, 1949 – ) US. chemist.

Walter E. Dixon (fl. 1899) US physician.

Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier (1797 – 1878). Belgian botanist & politician.

William Hubert (“Hubie”) Earle (18 June 1906 – 2 December 1984) US horticulturalist & cactophile. [W.H.Earle]

Urs Eggli (1959 – ) Swiss botanist.

Carl August Ehrenburg (1801 – 1849) German botanist. [Ehrenb.] 

August Wilhelm Eichler (AKA Augustus Guilielmus Eichler) (22 April, 1839 – 2 March, 1887) German botanist.

Henry Havelock Ellis (2 February 1859 at 1 St John’s Grove, Croyden – 8 July, 1939 at Cherry Ground, Hintlesham) English physician and psychologist. Wife was Edith.

Natalia V. Ellis was a cactus enthusiast in the Ukraine.

Arthur James Ewin (1882 Norwood – 1968) English Chemist. 

William Hemsley Emory (7 September, 1811 in Queen Anne County, Maryland – 1 December, 1887) US Officer and land surveyor in US Army. Wife was Mathilda.  [Emory]

George Engelmann (1809 – 1884) US physician and botanist (originally from Germany). [Engel.] or [Engelm.]

Carlos Faust Blanes (fl. 1921-1952; died age 78) German businessman founded the Marimurtra Botanical Garden in Spain.

Ramón Alejandro Ferreyra Huerta ( 1910 – 2005) Peruvian botanist and director of the Museo de Historia Natural . [Ferreyra]

Walter Alfred [Fitz] Fitz Maurice (1924 – ) Mexico. Wife is Elizabeth [Betty] Ann (1930– ). [Fitz Maurice]

Robert Field Nursery owner near Tennyson in Victoria. Father was one of Blossfeld’s investors financing the 1935 expedition in exchange for a guaranteed 1000 plants. Ralph Field (1898 – July 1987) moved to ‘Whiora’  in 1928. He was a founding member of the Cactus & Succulent Society of Australia.  (Mother Molly — 23 April 1981)

Friedrich Fobe (14 Sept. 1864 – 1941) German horticulturalist.

Carl Friedrich Förster (fl. 1846) German botanist. [C.F.Först]

Karl Förster (1874 – ?) German botanist.  Editor of MfK and founder of DGK. [Först] or [Foerst.] or [K.Först.]

Robert Allen Foster (14 January 1938 Los Angeles, CA – January 2002 Mammoth Lakes, CA) American horticulturist. Former assistant editor of the CSSA journal. [R.A.Foster]

Paul-Victor Fournier (29 December 1877 Damrémont – 20 May 1964 Poinson-lès-Grancey) French botanist & horticulturalist.

Gerhardt R.W. Frank (fl. 1963 – 1990) [Frank] or [G.Frank]

Alberto Vojtěch Frič (8 September 1882: Prague – 4 December 1944: Prague) Czech horticulturalist. [Frič]

Adolfo Maria Friedrich (1897 Vienna – 15 Jan 1987 Asuncion, Paraguay) Austrian photographer & amateur botanist.

Heimo Friedrich (1 June 1911 – 17 March 1987) Austrian botanist. [Friedr.]

Joseph Gaertner (1732 – 1791) German botanist. [Gaertn.]

Howard Elliot Gates (1889 – 1957) Plant explorer during the 1930s. Cactus nursery owner. [H.E.Gates] (Dates of 1895 – 1957 also encountered at CSSJA website.)

Edward George Gay (1916 – 1997) Cactus collector and commercial grower. As was his wife Mary.

Howard Scott Gentry (10 December 1903 Temecula, CA – 1 April 1993 Tucson, AZ) US agricultural explorer & Agave expert.

A.C. Gibson & K.E. Horak [Gibs. & Hor.]

Arthur Charles Gibson (16 November 1947 – ) US biologist. [A.C.Gibson]

W. Glaetzle (fl. 1983) [Glaetzle]

Charles Edward Glass (24 May 1934 – 23 February 1998) Former editor of the CSSA journal. With Robert A. Foster studied cactus and described species. [Gl.&F.] or [Glass & Foster]

Auguste François Marie Glaziou (1828: Lannon, Brittany – 1906: Bouscat, France) French civil engineer & prolific botanical collector. [Glaziou]

R. Roland Gosselin (fl. 1905) French botanist. [Goss.]

Asa Gray (1810 – 1888) Wrote descriptions of some of the plants collected by Thurber.

Josiah Gregg (1806 – 1850) Frontier trader and writer. Knobloch 1983 notes Gregg to have died of starvation on the trail.

David Bailey Grigsby (1920 – 15 April 1994) US horticulturalist.

Heinrich Rudolph August Grisebach (1814 – 1879) German botanist. [Griseb.]

Hermann Gruson (13 March, 1821 Magdeburg – 1895 age 75) German botanist.

Rudolph Grym Czechoslovakian botanist & cactophile. [Grym]

Robert Louis August Maximilian Gürke (Guerke) (17 December 1854 – 16 March 1911) German botanist & cactus specialist. Wife Toni (died 1922) was a professor and botanical illustrator. [Gürke]

Walter (Walther) Haage (1899 – 22 April 1992) German horticulturalist & famous nursery owner.

Vlastimil Habermann (11 December 1930 – 14 September 2014) Czechoslovakian researcher. [Habermann] or [Hab.]

Josef Jakob Halda (7 December 1943 – ) Czechoslovakian botanist.

Jon Robert Hanna (1967 – ) US entheogen writer, conference organizer & editor of the Entheogen Review.

Peter Hansen (fl. 1996) German botanist. [Hansen]

Scott Edson Haselton (1895 – 1991) US. CSSJA editor & author.

Dr. Valery Havard (1846-1927) Botanist & surgeon. Borne Compiégne, France. (Who’s Who in America. vol. XV 1926)

Radim Havlícek (16 Feb 1928 – 30 Oct 1998) Czech horticulturalist. [Havlicek]

Adrian Hardy Haworth (1772 – 1833) English botanist. Hortus gives as ([19 April] 1768 – 1833) [Haw.] [Also listed as 1767 – 1833]

[Karl Wilhelm] Arthur Heffter (15 June 1859 [also given as 1860] – 8 Feb. 1925) German chemist & pharmacologist.

Georg Hempel German. Affluent business owner and cactus lover (Saxony).

Anthony Richard Henman (15 December, 1949 São Paulo – ) British anthropologist.

Paul Cristoph (also as Christoph) Hennings (27 November, 1841 – 14 October, 1908) German mycologist & herbarium curator.[Hennings] or [Henn.] Anderson gave this as Paul E. Hennings but IPNI lists Paul. C. Hennings as A. lewinii‘s describer.

Adolph (also as Adolar) Gottlieb Julius (“Hans”) Herre (7 April 1895 Dessau, Germany – 16 January 1979 Pretoria) South African horticulturalist. [A.G.J.Herre]

William Hertrich (1878: Baden, Germany – 1966: San Marino, California) German botanist and the Huntington’s visionary director. [Hertr.] Also encountered given erroneously as 1878 – 1954.

Dietrich D. Herzog (Collected in Argentina 1980 – 1989) German botanist. Phanerogam specialist. [D.Herzog]

Jay Pinckney Hester (1874 – 1962) US botanist. [Hester]

Edward Heyder (1808 –1884) German cactus grower.

Vera Higgins (1892 – 1968) English botanist.

Paul H. Hoch (1902 Budapest – 15 December 1965 Albany, New York)  US psychiatrist.

James Frederick “Jim” Hogshire (1958 Indianapolis, Indiana) US author.

Anton Hofer Czech botanist.

Albert Hoffman (11 January 1906 Baden – 29 April 2008 Basel) Swiss plant chemist & pharmacognosist with Sandoz in Basel. Discoverer of LSD-25 and other important molecules.

William Jackson Hooker (6 July 1785 – 12 August 1865) English botanist. Father of botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817 – 1911). [Hook.]

Ladislav Horaček Czech. Cactus lover.

Karl E. Horak (fl. 1978) [K.E.Horak] Worked with A.C.Gibson. K.G. Horak, as encountered in the literature, is a typo.

Hort. Hortorum or hortulanorum means that it originated as a horticultural offering and has no accepted standing. If followed by a name, this indicates it was published in that nursery’s catalog. For example: Lophophora jourdaniana Hort. Rebut appeared in the Rebut catalog. [Hort.]

Carlos Curt (Carl Kurt) Hosseus (1878 – 1950) Argentinean botanist.

Aleš Hrdlička (Ales Hrdlicka) (29 March, 1869 – 5 September, 1943) Czech anthropologist.

[HBK] See FA von Humboldt, AA Bonpland & CS Kunth.

Emerald (“Edward”) Charles Hummel (18 July 1903 Prosperity, Missouri – 29 November 1979 Oceanside, California) US nursery owner, horticulturalist and hybridizer. Wife Minnie Belle (Byrne).

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt (1796 – 1859) German naturalist. [Humb.]

David Richard Hunt (25 September 1938 London – ) English botanist at Kew.

Henry Edwards Huntington (27 February, 1850, Oneonta, New York – 23 May, 1927, Philadelphia) American philanthropist and founder of Huntington Botanical Gardens.

Paul Clifford Hutchison (3 January 1924 Antioch, California – 6 September 1997 Escondido, California) US botanist & horticulturalist. [P.C.Hutchison]

J.M. Idrobo, Associate Professor of Botany of the Universidad Nacional at Bogota.

Clive Frederick Innes (1909-1999) English horticulturalist.

Yoshio (Also as Yoshi) Ito (1907 – ?) Japanese botanist. [Y.Ito] Other Itos exist.

Georg Albano von Jacobi (4 September 1805 Pempelfort – 2 November, 1874 Berlin) German military general & botanist. [Jacobi]

Hermann Johannes Heinrich Jacobsen (1898 – 19 August 1978) German botanist & succulent expert. [Jacobsen]

Bedrich Jajó (fl. 1947) [Jajó]

Walter Jeggle (fl. 1973) [Jeggle]

Josef Jelínek  (10 January 1915 – 17 January 1981) Czech horticulturist.

Joseph Harry Johnson, Sr. (27 May 1894 – 26 November 1987) US horticulturalist, commercial nursery owner & cactus breeder. Paramount, California, Collected in Peru during the 1950s.

Salvador Johnson (65 years old in 2014) Licensed peyote distributor in Mirando City, Texas.

Treat Baldwin Johnson (29 March, 1875 Bethany, Connecticut  – 1947) US Organic Chemist.

Marcus Eugene Jones (1852 – 1934) Botanist [M.E.Jones]

Thomas “Tom” Rasmussen Juul (13 November 1901 Denmark – 20 May 1987 San Francisco, CA) Danish expat. Butcher & cactus lover. A founder of the ISI. Collector of cactus specimens and old cactus & succulent literature. Wife was Betty Peterson Juul (11 October 1902 Denmark – 31 July 2001 San Francisco, CA.) In an interview Betty once described their garden as someplace where people came to rid themselves of unidentified cactus specimens.

Govind J. Kapadia (?) Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Wisconsin in 1959.

Hermann Gustav Karsten (Gustav Karl Wilhelm Hermann Karsten) (1817 – 1908) German botanist. [Karst.]

Wilhelm Friedrich Karwinsky von Karwin (1779 Munich – 1855) [Karw.]  (Birth also encountered as 1780.)

Friedrich (“Fred”) Kattermann (1932- ) USA botanist.

Harriet Margaret Louisa Kensit (later as L.Bolus) (1877 – 1970) [Kensit]

Friedrich Wilhelm Kesselring (1876 – 1966) [W.Kesselr.]

Roberto Kiesling (1941 – ) Argentinean cactus specialist. [Kiesl.]

Myron William Kimnach (1922 – ) US botanist.

Fumiko (“Fumi”) Kimura (1 March, 1970 Shizouka, Japan – 19 April, 2011 Salinas, California) Japanese nursery owner in California. Daughter of Makoto.

Makoto Kimura (died 30 May, 2002) Japanese nursery owner & gifted cactus grafter in Salinas, California. Started Kimura International in 1978.

Leo Kladiwa (17 March 1920 – 30 December 1987) Austrian physician & cactus specialist. [Kladiwa] (also – 1988)

Karel Kníže (7 October, 1941 – ) Peruvian-based cactus collector and dealer. Czech expat establishing a cactus business in Peru in either 1967 or 1969. Two different accounts exist for Knize’s relocation to Peru (& both dates appear to have come from Knize) The first account places his initial arrival in Chile to collect plants as 5 January 1967. At that time, Knize was working as an employee of the Botanical Garden in Prague. During his very first collections, near La Serena, he was mistakenly arrested on suspicion of murder due to a large knife that was involved in the death of two local women being believed by the police to be similar to Knize’s collection tool. Knize was soon cleared and continued collecting in Chile, moving next to Uruguay and Brazil creating his first 167 KK numbers. Knize has also said that his collections began 12 September 1968 on Curaçao in the Dutch Antilles, moving next to Ecuador and in spring of 1969 to Peru, where he decided to stay. [Knize]   (Kníže means “Prince” in Czechoslovakian.)

Frederik Markus Knuth von Knuthenborg (1904 – 1970) Dutch botanist. [F.M.Knuth]

Gerhard KöhresKoehres ( ) German plant collector.

Köhres Kakteen is one of the large German “cactus houses”.

Udo Köhler (1911 – 1983)

H. Koopowitz (fl. 1986) [Koop] [Don’t confuse with Karl Koopmann (fl. 1879 – 1900) Koopm.]

Hans Krainz (13 May 1906 – 20 May 1980) Swiss cactus specialist. [Krainz]

Kurt G. Kreuzinger (1905 – 1989) Czechoslovakian botanist [Kreuz.] [Kreuringer appearing in the literature was a typo.] Also encountered listed with birthdate of 1903.

Horst (1937 Mannheim -) & Margaret Kuenzler. Germans living in US since the 1960s. Cactus collectors and nursery owners. New Mexico Cactus Research (NMCR) was founded in 1963.

Carl (Karl) Ernst Eduard Otto Kuntze (1843 – 1907) German botanist and author of more than 30,000 unaccepted plant name changes. [Kuntze]

Raoul Weston LaBarre (13 December 1911 – 13 March 1996) US cultural anthropologist. Expert on Peyote religion.

J. Labouret (fl. 1853 – 1858) French cactus expert. [Labour.]

Jean Baptiste Antoine Pierre Monnet de Lamarck (1744 – 1829) French naturalist. [Lam.]

Brian Lamb (1935 – ???) English horticulturalist & photographer.

Edgar Lamb (1905 – 1980) English horticulturalist & photographer. Father of Brian Lamb.

Alfred Bernhard Lau (1928 – 2007) German botanist living in Mexico.

Friedrich Carl Lehmann (1850 – 1903) German plant collector.

Johann Georg Christian Lehmann (1792 – 1860) German botanist.

Charles Antoine Lemaire (Paris 1 November, 1801 – Paris 22 June, 1871) French botanist who lived in Belgium. [Lem.] (Death date also appears as 1870.)

Eugene de Beauharnais [Duke of Leuchtenberg & Prince of Eichstadt] (1781 – 1824) French soldier & statesman. Co-sponsored Karwinsky’s Mexican expedition.

Louis Lewin (1850 – 1929) German chemist & toxicologist. [Lewin]

J.A. Lindberg [Lindb.]

George Edmund Lindsay (1916 – 2002) US botanist [Lind.] or [G.E.Linds.]

Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link (2 February, 1767: Hildesheim – 1 January, 1851: Berlin) German botanist. Director of Berlin – Dahlen botanical garden. [Lk.] or occasionally [L. as in L.&O.]

Link & Otto See individual entries [Lk.&O.] or [L.&O.]

Carl (Carolus) Linnaeus [AKA Carle von Linné] (23 May 1707 Rashult – 10 January 1778 Uppsala) Swedish naturalist, botanist, zoologist & physician; originator of binomial classification. [L.]

Frances Ernst Lloyd (4 October, 1868 Manchester, England  –  10 October, 1947) US botanist.

George Loddiges (1784-1846) English botanist. [G. Lodd] Son of the German/English botanist Joachim Conrad Loddiges (1738-1826).

Gualtiero Looser (1898-1982) Chilean botanist. [Looser]

Carl Sofus (Sophus) Lumholtz (23 April 1851 near Lillihammer, Norway  – 5 May 1922 Saranac Lake, New York) Norwegian zoologist & ethnologist.

Gary William Lyons (1938– ) US botanist.

C.A. Maass (1859 – 1929) Postmaster in Hamburg, Germany. [Maass]

Tom J. Mabry (1932 – ) US natural products chemist.

Thomas (“Don Tomas”) Baillie MacDougall (9 December 1896 Scotland – 17 January 1973 Hotel Principal, Oaxaca) [T.B. MacDoug.] Also encountered as (1895 – 1973) Scottish born Mexican plant collector and anthropologist. T.M MacDougall [T.M. MacDoug.] is a typo. [Do not confuse with Daniel Trembly MacDougal (1865 – 1958) who is abbreviated MacDougal.]

Marschall P. & Elena Eyre Madison US. cactus lovers and the financial supporters for Hutchison’s collection trip producing Borzicactus madisoniorum.

William Taylor Marshall (1886 – 1957) US botanist. [W.T. Marsh.]

Karl “Carl” Friedrich Philipp von Martius ( 17 April, 1794: Erlangen – 13 December, 1868: München) German botanist. AKA Carolus Fridericus Philippus De Martius.

Rachel Mata (born in Caracas, Venezuelan; holds Mexican citizenship) Venezuelan pharmacologist formerly at Purdue, presently at UNAM.

James David Mauseth (1948- ) US botanist at UT Austin.

Rudolph (Rudi) Meyer (fl. 1896 – 1914) [R. Mey.]

Jorge Meyrán García (1918 – ) Mexican botanist.

MfK = The journal Monatsschrift für Kakteenkunde

Jerry L. McLaughlin US plant chemist & pharmacognosist. (Purdue)

Phillip Miller (1691 – 1771) English botanist. [Mill.]

Faustino Miranda Gonzales (G.F. Miranda or as F. Miranda) (1905 – 1964) [Mir.] or [Miranda] Many other Mirandas exist.

Lawrence (“Larry”) Waldimer Mitich (1927 – 2000) US botanist. [L. W. Mitich]

M. (Chevalier de) Monville (fl. 1838) French cactus expert. [Monv.]

James Mooney (10 February, 1861 Richmond, Indiana  – 22 December, 1921  Washington, D.C.) US Ethnographer. Often listed as an anthropologist, Mooney was actually largely self-educated.

Mauro Morales (75 years old in 2014) Licensed peyote distributor in Rio Grande City, Texas.

Reid Venable Moran (1916 – 21 January 2010 Clearlake, California) USA botanist; Specialist in Crassulaceae and Baja flora.

Roy Mottram (1940 – ) English horticulturalist.

Vojtěch Myšák (3 May 1973 – ) Czech botanist.

Anna B. Nickels (fl. late 19th century) US. Cactus grower in Laredo, Texas.

NMCR = New Mexico Cactus Research Commercial cactus nursery operated by Horst & Margaret Kuenzler.

Thomas Nuttall (1786 – 1859) US naturalist (born and died in England). [Nutt.]

Carlos Manuel Ochoa Nieves (27 November, 1920: Cusco – 11 December, 2008: Lima) Peruvian botanist and serious world-class potato superstar. [Ochoa]

Isaac Ochoterena (1885 – 1950) Mexican physician.

Olive According to Earle, this was the daughter of a tavern owner. (Tucson, AZ).

Morris Edward Opler (3 May, 1907 – 13 May, 1996) US anthropologist.

Charles Russell Orcutt (1864 – 1929) US botanist and cactus specialist. [Orcutt]

Jesús Gonzales Ortega (1876  1936) Mexican botanist & agronomist. [J.G.Ortega]

Carlos Ostolaza (1936 – ) Peruvian physician & surgeon, noted expert on Peruvian cacti, founder of Quepo & dedicated cactophile. [Ost] [Collection numbers listed as OST#.]

Jonathan Ott (1 June 1949 – ) Natural product chemist & entheobotanical author. 

Christoph Friedrich Otto (4 December 1783: Schneeberg, Saxony – 7 December 1856: Berlin) [Hortus gives 1783] German. horticulturist & head gardener at Berlin – Dahlem. [O.]

Abelardo Pachano Lalama [Baptized as Segundo Miguel Ángel Abelardo] (4 October, 1885 Ambado – 13 October 1958 Ambado)  Ecuadorian agronomist, botanist, bacteriologist, research scientist & administrator at Quinta Normal de Agricultura, Ambato, Ecuador. (Received a doctorate in Agricultural Engineering from Cornell University.) “Traveling companion” of Dr. Rose in his travels through the Ecuadorian Andes by which I assume that he was the person who took Rose around Ecuador and was responsible for *showing* him T. pachanoi. Appropriately, Pachano’s remains are buried at the foot of his beloved namesake Trichocereus pachanoi, aka “aguacolla”, at the Cementerio La Merced in Ambato in the space reserved for illustrious “Tungurahuenses”.

Do not confuse Pachano with the famous Ecuadorian economist Abelardo Pachano Bertero or his namesake grandson Abelardo Pachano Lalama.

Ernest J. Palmer (1875 – 1962) English botanist working in America.

Edward Palmer (12 January, 1830 near Hockwold-Wilton, Norfolk County, England – 10 April, 1911 Washington, DC) (Birth also encountered as 1829 & 1831.) US (born in England) botanist & plant collector.

Lelissa is the daughter of Paolino Panarotto.

Paolino Panarotto Italian nurseryman & Turbinicarpus expert.

(Chevalier de) Parmentier (fl. 1840) French botanist. [Parm.]  Do not confuse with the French botanist Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier 12 August, 1737 – 13 December, 1813)

Jan Pechánek (fl. 1971) Czechoslovakian botanist.

Dale Pendell (1947 – ) US acclaimed poet, software engineer & entheobotanical author.

Harry H. Pennes (? – 14 November, 1963, New York City) US physician & clinical researcher.

Louis (Ludwig) Georg(e) Karl Pfeiffer (1805 – 1877) German botanist. [Pfeiff.] (Also as 1805 – 1878)

Rudolph Amandus Philippi (Rodolfo Amando Philippi) (14 September, 1808 Berlin – 23 July, 1904 Santiago) German-Chilean paleontologist & zoologist.

Charles Polaski (died March 1986 at age 89) US. cactus collector in Oklahoma. Wife Mary was also a cactus collector.

Duncan McNair Porter (1937 – ) US botanist. [D.M. Porter]

Heinrich Poselger (1818 – 1883) German physician & cactus specialist. [Posel.] or [Poselg.]

Carl Albrecht (Albert) Purpus (26 February 1851 – 17 January 1941) German botanical collector. [Purpus] Brother of J.A. Purpus.

Joseph Anton Purpus (4 February 1860 – 5 December 1932) German botanist and horticulturalist. [J.Purpus]

Q. in MfK was Leopold Quehl.

Leopold Quehl (1849 – 1923) German cactus expert. [Quehl] (also encountered as 1849 – 1922) 

Constantino Samuel RafinesqueSchmaltz (Peter Hamilton Rafinesque) (1784 – 1842) US/Italian naturalist. Earle gives as (1783 – 1840) [Raf.]

Werner Hermann Heinrich Rauh (16 May 1913 – 7 April 2000) German botanist.

Walter Rausch (15 November 1928 – ?) Austrian cactus specialist.

Pierre Rebut (14 May 1827 – 1898) French cactus collector & dealer. [Rebut]

Vincenzo Riccobono (1861 – 1943) Italian botanist, botanical garden director and cactus specialist. [Ricc.]

Jan Říha (1947 – ) Czechoslovakian botanist. [Riha]

Marlene Dobkin de Rios (1939 – ) US medical anthropologist and psychotherapist.

Friedrich Ritter (9 May 1898 – 9 April 1989 [also encountered as 1983]) German cactus specialist. [Ritt. Improperly as R.] [FR collection numbers]

Fernando Rivière De Caralt  (1904 — 1992) French cactophile. Civil engineer who created Pinya de Rosa in Spain. (Now the world’s largest cactus garden.) Responsible for providing the seeds the produced most of the ID problems of NMCR.

Joseph Nelson Rose (11 January 1862 Liberty, Indiana – 4 May 1928 Washington, DC) Botanist and assistant curator of National Herbarium. [Rose] & [R.]

Alexandre Rouhier (fl. 1926) French pharmacist. [Rouhier]

Gordon Douglas Rowley (31 July 1921 London – ) English botanist. [Rowl.]

Karl Theodor Rümpler (1817 – 1891) German botanist. [Rümpler]

Robert Runyon (28 July, 1881 near Catlettsburg in Boyd County, Kentucky – 9 March, 1968, in Brownsville, Texas) US photographer & author

Henry Hurd Rusby (1855 – 1940) [Rusby]

Edmundo Alfredo Rúveda (18 March, 1934 Corrientes — ). Argentinean. Biochemist & pharmacologist

William Edwin Safford (14 December, 1859 Chillicothe, Ohio – 10 January, 1926) US botanist working for the USDA [Saff.]

Prince Joseph Maria Franz Anton Hubert Ignaz Fürst zu Salm-Reiffersscheid-Dyck (Jos. Salm-Dyck) (1773 – 1861) German succulent collector [SD] or [S.-D.]

Giorgio Samorini Italian entheobotanist, eboka initiate & prolific author .

Hernándo Sánchez-Mejorada (1926 – 11 March 1988) Mexican botanist.

Noel Yvri Sandwith (1901 – 1965) [Sandw.]

Frederick [Friedrich] Scheer (1792 Rugen, Germany – 30 December 1868 Northfleet) English botanist (born in Germany) [Scheer]

Michael Joseph François Scheidweiller (1799 – 1861) Belgian botanist. [Scheid. also Scheidw.]

Ernst Schelle (1864 – 1945) German botanist.

Arthur Carl Victor Schott (27 February 1814 Stuttgart, Germany – 26 July 1875 Washington, DC) German-American artist, botanist, engineer, map maker and geologist.

Richard Evans Schultes (1915 – 10 April 2001 Boston) US botanist & ethnobotanist. [R.E. Schultes] or [R.E. Schult.]

Karl Moritz Schumann (17 June 1851 Görlitz – 22 March 1904 Berlin) German botanist. Curator of the Berlin Botanical Museum. Founded the Deutsche Kakteen-Gesellschaft  in 1892. [K. Schum.]

Bogumil Schütz (1903 – 1993) Czech researcher. [Schütz]

Georg Schwantes (1891 – 1960) [Schwant.] or [Schw.]

Friedrich (Fritz) Schwarz (1900 – 1988) German botanist. [F. Schwarz]

Ferdinand Sencke (fl. 1830 – 1866) [Sencke]

Douglas Sharon US cultural anthropologist.

Alexander Theodore “Sasha” Shulgin (17 June, 1925 Berkeley, CA – 2 June, 2014 Lafayette, CA) US organic chemist, psychopharmacologist, pharmacognostical pioneer & independent legal drug designer.

Ernest William Shurly (17 August 1888 – 1963) English. Mammillaria expert. [Shurly]

A.L. Siler (1880s) Uneducated Mormon who collected cacti & other native plants for scientific investigation.

Michael S. Smith (1970 – ) US writer and amateur cactophile.

Jaroslav Šnicer Czech botanist.

Johannes Söhrens (died 1934) Director of the botanical garden in Santiago, Chile [Söhrens]

Jacques Soulaire (?) French.

Ernst Späth (14 May 1886 – 30 Sept. 1946) Austrian chemist

Carlo Luigi (Carlos Luis) Spegazzini (1858 – 1926) Italian – Argentinian botanist. [Speg.]

Curt (aka Kurt, Curtius) Polycarp Joachim Sprengel (3 August, 1766 – 15 March, 1833)  German botanist. [Spreng.]

Paul Carpenter Standley (1884 Avalon, Missouri – 2 June, 1963 Tegucigalpa, Honduras) US. Botanist. [Standl.]

J.M. Standly (1884 – 1963) US Artist commissioned for botanical illustrations.

Roman Štarha Czechoslovakian plant chemist.

William T. Stearn (16 April 1911, Cambridge, United Kingdom –  9 May 2001, Richmond, United Kingdom)  English. A self-taught and highly respected botanist who wrote 470 publications over a 70 year long career.

Berthold Stein (1847 – 1899) [B. Stein] or [Stein]

Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel (1783 — 1856) German botanist. [Steud.]

Omer Call Stewart (17 August 1908 Provo, Utah – 31 December 1991 Boulder) US anthropologist. Probably the foremost expert on the NAC and its history. Active from 1925-1989. Worked as an intelligence officer with the Pentagon and as undercover agent in the Middle East during WWII.

Arthur Stoll (8 January 1887 Schinznach – 13 January 1971 Dornach) Chemist involved with natural products, analogs and pharmaceutical research. His most famous work occurred while he was employed by Sandoz.

Richard Myron Straw (1926 – 2012) Biologist with Los Angeles State College. Collected with Paul Hutchison.

R. Stuart (19?? – ) US scholar, researcher and Trichocereus specialist.

Robert Sweet (1783 – 20 January 1835) [Sweet] English botanist.

Nigel Paul Taylor (1956 – ) English botanist. [Taylor]

Gilbert Harold Tegelberg, Sr. (1896-1983) US horticulturalist.

Gilbert Harold Tegelberg, Jr. (1924-1997) US nurseryman who actively promoted the cactus hobby.

Martin Kilman Terry (17 September, 1947 – ) US biologist, toxicologist, former pharmaceutical industry lobbyist, veterinarian & molecular systematicist specializing in Astrophytum asterias and Lophophora research. One of the founders of the Cactus Conservation Institute (www.cactusconservation.org)

George Thurber (1821 – 1890) US botanical collector. [Thurb.]

Ernst Tiegel (1849 – 1936) Swiss bacteriologist who was a cactus lover and a Mammillaria specialist. [Tiegel]

Hans Till (16 December 1920 Romania – ) Austrian cactophile [H.Till]

Walter Till (1956 – ) Austrian botanist [W.Till]

Oscar Tovar was a staff member of the Museum of Natural History in Lima, Peru.

James William Toumey (1864 – 1932) (Also encountered as 1865 – 1932)  US botanist.

Auguste Adolphe Lucien Trécul (1818 – 1896) French botanist and pharmacist.

William Trelease (22 February, 1857, Mount Vernon, New York – 1 January, 1945 Urbana, IL) (Also encountered as  –  2 January) US botanist. [Trel.]

Keeper Trout (21 October, 1957 Waterloo, Iowa – ) US amateur cactophile, scholar, photographer & unrepentant information junkie. Also published under names Keeper of the Trout, K. Trout, Barney Heffter.

Billy Turner US botanist & taxonomist at UT Austin

D.M. Turner (5 October 1962 – 31 December 1996) (also encountered as 1 January 1997) US entheogenic writer & psychonaut. (Born as Joseph Vivian.)

Pierre Jean François Turpin (1775 Vire – 1 May 1840) French botanist. Reknown as a botanical illustrator. [Turp.] 

Mikhail Semyonovich Tswett (14 May 1872 – 26 June 1919) Discoverer of chromatography. Tswett means color in Russian causing some to suggest the name “chromato graphy” was chosen as much to honor himself as to serve as a descriptive term.

Ühlig Kakteen is one of the large German “cactus houses”.

Ruth Murray Underhill  (22 Aug. 1884 Ossining, New York – 15 Aug. 1984 Denver Colorado) US anthropologist.

Ignatz Urban (1848 – 1931) German botanist.

L. Möller-Valdez The sister-in-law of Heinrich Möller. Expert on Mammillaria & author of descriptions.

George Vasey (1822 – 1892) Curator of the US National Herbarium.

Friedrich Karl Johann Vaupel (1876 – 1927) German botanist. [Vpl.]

Josée Mariano da Conceicão Vellozo (1742 – 1811) Brazilian botanist. [Vell.]

Alberto Villoldo is a Cuban-born psychologist & anthropologist who studied with Don Eduardo Calderon.

Otto Voll (1884 – 1958) German/Brazilian. Botanical garden director (Also as – 1959)

von Martius see under Martius

Siri Sylvia Patricia von Reis Altschul (1931 – ) US botanist & ethnobotanist.

Robert S. Wallace  (fl. 1997) US botanist.

Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers (26 December 1816, Mühlhausen, Germany — 18 Jun 1853, Berlin, Germany) German botanist [Walp.]

Sereno Watson (1826 – 1892) US botanist [S. Wats.]

Frédéric Albert Constantin Weber (17 May 1830 Wolfisheim – 27 July 1903 Paris) French botanist and succulent specialist. [Web. or F.A.C. Weber]

August Weberbauer (26 November 1871 Breslau, Germany – 16 January 1948 Lima, Peru) German (Silesian) botanist. [Weberb.]

Wilhelm Weingart (1856 – 1936) German botanist [Weingt.]

Silas Weir Mitchell (15 February 1829 Philadelphia, PA – 4 January 1914) US physician.

Delbert (“Del”) Weniger (10 May, 1923 – 10 July, 1999) US biologist & ecologist.

Erich Werdermann (1892 – 19 April 1959) German botanist and botanical garden director. [Werd.]

Amiel Weeks Whipple (1816 – 1863) [also listed as 1818 – 1863] Army Lieutenant describing cacti encountered during 1853 – 1854.

Edmund White (fl. 1899) Pharmaceutist at St Thomas’s Hospital who analyzed Lophophora for Walter Dixon.

Ira Loran (Loren?) Wiggins (1899 – 1987) US botanist.

Harvey Washington Wiley (18 October 1844 near Kent, Jefferson County, Indiana – 16 June, 1930 Washington, DC) US.  Chemist with FDA. Champion of “pure food and drug” activities.

Käte Wilke (1897 – 1985) German.  Bolivian cactus expert.

Hildegard(a) Winter (1893 –  1975) German, the sister of Friedrich Ritter & a cactus expert in her own right.

Friedrich (Frederick) Adolph (Adolphus) Wislizenus (21 May, 1810 Königsee – 23 September, 1889) US physician & botanist (Born in Germany.) [Wisl.]

Stanisław Ignacy (Witkacy) Witkiewicz (24 February 1885, Warsaw, Poland – 18 September 1939, Jeziory, Poland) Polish author and artist producing paintings (and advertizing to produce paintings for a fee) while under the influence of drugs including peyote.

Alfred Wohlpart (1937 – ) US natural products chemist.

Charles Wright (1811 – 1885) US botanist.

Jerry Kenneth Wright was a grad student in zoology at UC Berkeley in 1964. He collected with Paul Hutchison. Wright went on to become a nursery owner with no interest in cacti (now specializing in caudiciform plants).

J. &. B. Zehnder (fl. 1950s-1961)  Brothers owning the Swiss firm Kaktimex operating in Mexico.  Possibly who Bravo referred to as Zhender?

Louis Bence Ziegler, Jr. (1905– 31 August 1984) US Professional photographer, botanist, paleo-botanist & museum curator.

Allan Dale Zimmerman (1957 – ) US botanist. Coryphantha expert.

Dale Allan Zimmerman (1928 — ) US botanist. Cactus expert, ornithologist, lepidopterist & illustrator. Wife Marian. Father of Alan D. Zimmerman.

Robert Mowry Zingg (18 April 1900 – 1957) US anthropologist.

Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (10 August, 1797 Monaco di Baviera – 18 February, 1848 Monaco di Baviera) German botanist and taxonomist. [Zucc.]